Generating MusicXML data from SharpEye
After you have converted a scanned image of a piece of music in the SharpEye editor, you can save a MusicXML file by going to the "File" menu and then the "MusicXML" submenu as in the following illustration:
Generating MusicXML data from Finale
To export MusicXML data from Finale, you will first need to purchase the Dolet MusicXML plugin from Recordare.com. Then start with an open file in the Finale editor, such as:
Next, go to the "Plug-ins" menu and select "MusicXML Export..." as shown in the following illustration and save the music in MusicXML format:
You should end up with a MusicXML file like the following example:
To convert this file into a Humdrum file, run the command:
xml2hum melody.xml > melody.krnmelody.krn should contain the file contents:
To extract a single staff of **kern music from a MusicXML file, use the -s # option, where # is a number from 1 to the number of system staves present in the MusicXML file.
If you do not know what the maximum number of staves in the MusicXML file, then use the -i option:
xml2hum -i file.xml | head There is 1 part in the MusicXml File: Part 1: id=P1 name=Part_1 staves=2 PART DATA ================================ Staff 1 --------------------------------- i=0 j=0 tick=0 tdur=6 voice=0 serial=1 name=measure (-1) i=0 j=1 tick=0 tdur=0 voice=0 serial=2 name=divisions i=0 j=2 tick=0 tdur=0 voice=0 serial=6 name=clef i=0 j=3 tick=0 tdur=0 voice=0 serial=3 name=key i=0 j=4 tick=0 tdur=0 voice=0 serial=4 name=time i=0 j=5 tick=0 tdur=0 voice=0 serial=5 name=time i=0 j=6 tick=0 tdur=6 voice=1 serial=8 name=note (d)
For the example file, there were two staves of music found in the MusicXML file.
To extract these two staves into separate files, you can do these commands:
xml2hum -s1 file.xml > staff1.krn xml2hum -s2 file.xml > staff2.krnstaff1.krn will contain the highest staff in the system, and staff2.krn will contain the lowest staff in the system.
Assembling a score from individual parts
Sometimes the xml2hum program does not generate correct humdrum files either due to errors in the input data or, more likely, bugs in its own converter to Humdrum data. When an error converting the MusicXML score occurs, then you should extract the individual parts separately and combine them with assemble after making any corrections to the individual parts.
First review the previous section on extracting individual staves from a MusicMXL file. If your MusicXML file has two parts, for example, then extract each part to a separate file:
xml2hum -s1 file.xml > staff1.krn xml2hum -s2 file.xml > staff2.krn
Now you should determine why the xml2hum program failed to assemble the final score. Firstly you can look at the files and make sure that the contents look like Humdrum files rather than error messages. After that basic check, you can verify that the number of beats in each file is identical. If the number of beats does not match, then xml2hum was confused because it could not align the two parts. To check if the number of beats is equal for both files, use the scoredur program or the rcheck program:
rcheck staff1.krn | grep = | tail -5 235 0 3 :: =79 =79 238 0 3 :: =80 =80 241 0 3 :: =81 =81 244 0 3 :: =82 =82 247 0 0 :: == ==The file staff1.krn contains 247 beats. Do the same with staff2.krn. Usually the two files with report a different beat length if xml2hum failed to combine them, so next you will have to edit the files to correct the problem. If the rcheck program cannot even parse the file, it will complain about a particular line, which is a good starting point in locating the problem.
If the two files do not have the same number of beats but they are processed correctly by rcheck, then the next step is to view the numbers of beats in each measure using the rcheck program.
rcheck staff1.krn | grep = | lessThen look at the numbers in the third column. This number counts the number of beats in the measure. Look for measures where there is an incorrect number of beats in the measure and fix the problem by edting the file and correcting the rhythm error in that measure.
Once the two files report the same duration according to scoredur and rcheck, you can combine the two files with assemble. To do that, first you must determine the minimum rhythmic unit which is common to both files with the minrhy program:
minrhy staff1.krn staff2.krn staff1.krn: 48 staff2.krn: 4 all: 48In this case the minimum time unit for both files in 48 (triplet 32nd note). Next you need to match the timebases of both files using the 48 rhymic unit:
timebase -t 48 staff1.krn > x1.krn timebase -t 48 staff2.krn > x2.krn assemble x2.krn x1.krn | rid -d > score.krn
More example usages of the xml2hum program are available on the xml2hum examples page
program file.krnIt can also read the data over the web:
program http://www.some-computer.com/some-directory/file.krnPiped data works in a somewhat similar manner:
cat file.krn | programis equivalent to a web file using ths form:
echo http://www.some-computer.com/some-directory/file.krn | program
Besides the http:// protocol, there is another special resource indicator prefix called humdrum:// which downloads data from the kernscores website. For example, using the URI humdrum://brandenburg/bwv1046a.krn:
program humdrum://brandenburg/bwv1046a.krnwill download the URL:
Musedata Bach Brandenburg Concerto collection.
This online-access of Humdrum data can also interface with the classical Humdrum Toolkit commands by using humcat to download the data from the kernscores website. For example, try the command pipeline:
humcat humdrum://brandenburg/bwv1046a.krn | census -k